Posted on November 2, 2016
President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday hosted Niger Delta elders at the Aso Rock Presidential Villa.
During the meeting the leaders tendered a 16-point request to the president.
Minister of state for petroleum Ibe Kachikwu who spoke after the meeting said the elders were frank during the meeting.
Below are the 16 demands made by the elders to ensure lasting peace to the region:
- The presidential amnesty Programme: the decry that out of the five components of the disarmament and retrieval of weapons from the ex-militants, only the disarmament and demobilization component is being implemented. Tensions over the fate of the Niger Delta Amnesty Programme is as a result of lack of genuine exit strategy. They want the Programme reviewed to reappraise its core mandate to provide a robust exist strategy, in order to transit recipients into jobs, effectively integrate them and few of the dependency on stipends, so that their new-found skills would be of benefit to themselves and larger community.
- Law and Justice issues: in view of the insecurity situation in the Niger delta, a number of pending law and justice issues regarding some aggrieved groups and individuals are yet to be resolved. It is important to address these issues urgently as a step towards lasting peace.
- The effect of increased military presence in the Niger Delta: the increase in military presence has resulted in invasion of communities, displacement of persons, harassment and other forms of human rights abuse. They want government to halt the escalation of tension in the region.
- Plights of internally displaced persons: they want relevant government agencies to take urgent measures to meet the immediate needs of those displaced by upsurge of insecurity in the region.
- The Ogoni clean-up and environmental remediation: they want government to speed up the exercise. They want government to enforce zero gas flare deadline. They want the devastating effects of coastal erosion and lack of an effective shoreline protection for the coastal communities tackled urgently. They want the federal government to commission a region-wide credible assessment of the impacts of crude oil pollution to the environment in the region and to undertake the enforcement of environmental laws.
- The Maritime University Issue: want prompt take off of the Niger Delta University
- Key regional critical infrastructure: they want the completion of the East-West road, full implementation of the rail project that is designated to run through the Niger Delta region to Lagos.
- Security surveillance and protection of oil and gas infrastructure: They want pipeline surveillance contracts given to the communities rather than individuals in a manner that makes communities see it as their responsibility. Communities would therefore watch over the pipelines as protection of what belongs to them.
- Relocation of Administrative and Operational Headquarters of IOCs: the headquarters of most oil companies are not located in the Niger Delta Region. As a result the region is denied of all the developmental and associated benefits that would have accrued to the region from their presence. It has therefore become imperative for the IOCs to relocate to their areas of operation. This move would create a mutually beneficial relationship with the host communities.
- Power supply: they advocate a power plan that strongly ties power supply in the region to gas supplies, thereby giving all sides a stake in providing stability.
- Economic development and empowerment: they want Brass LNG and fertiliser plant project including the Train 7 implemented, reviewing and updating the national gas master plan to integrate the economic interests and industrialization of the region, creating a Niger Delta industrial corridor that would process some portions of the bat hydrocarbon natural resources, expediting work on the export processing zones, harnessing the huge rain-fed agricultural potentials of the area through the development of farms estates, fishery development projects and Agro-Allied industrial clusters etc.
- Inclusive participation in oil industry and ownership of oil blocs: They want the federal government to enunciate policies and actions that will address the lack of participation as well as imbalance in the ownership of oil and gas assets.
- Restructuring and funding of the NDDC: The restructuring will ensure it refocuses as a true interventionist agency to respond swiftly to the yearnings of the grassroots of the Niger Delta. Communities must be able to have a say in what projects come to them and also want full implementation of the funding provisions of the NDDC Act.
- Strengthening the Niger Delta Ministry: they say the era of abysmal funding should end. The ministry should be adequately funded and strengthened to fulfill the purpose for which it was created.
- The Bakassi Question, recommend a comprehensive resettlement plan including development for the host communities and displaced population to reduce the risk of it turning into a stateless people.
- Fiscal federalism, the region supports the call for true federalism and urged that federal government should treat the matter expeditiously.